使用全局视图的汽车导航

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使用全局视图的汽车导航(中文3100字,英文1900字)
1介绍
驾驶员注意力不集中是公路交通事故的一个主要原因。美国国家公路交通安全管理局估计,警察报告事故中至少有25%的涉及驾驶员注意力不集中的一些形式。驾驶是一个需要驾驶员分配他/她的注意力在不同子任务上的过程。首先,一个司机需要注意一些直接关系到安全的问题,包括周围的交通,仪表板显示,以及其他道路上大量涌入的信息,如交通信号灯和道路标志。此外,司机可能选择跟一位乘客谈话,听收音机,接电话。因此,情况意识在行车安全中起着重要的作用。在这项研究中,我们正在开发的技术,以提供给驾驶员关于周围车辆的信息,从而提高他/她的情况意识。

Vehicle Navigation Using Global Views
1 Introduction
Driver inattention is a major offender to highway crashes. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that at least 25% of police-reported crashes involve some forms of driver inattention. Driving is a process that requires a driver to distribute his/her attention among different sub-tasks. First of all, a driver needs to pay attention to issues directly related to safety, including the surrounding traffic, dashboard displays, and other influx of information on the road such as traffic lights and road signs. In addition, the driver may choose to talk to a passenger, listen to the radio, and talk on the cell phone. Therefore, situation awareness plays an important role in driving safety. In this research, we are developing technologies to provide a driver with the information of dynamic surroundings around the vehicle when he/she is driving to enhance his/her situation awareness.