数控机床发展趋向“六化”及其控制器的发展趋势

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he number controls the tool machine development to incline to"six turn" and The development trend of the CNC controller
数控机床发展趋向“六化”及其控制器的发展趋势
Summary:Number's controling tool machine is a modern to process the car the most important material.
摘要:数控机床是现代加工车间最重要的装备。
First:This text says the development trend that the number controls the tool machine controller all.Appear along with the development of[with] the information technique(1 T) and the manufacturing technique(MT) more multi-function,more the controller of the high performance, such as sit mark,many controls of systems(passage) more;Have the high ,high speed,5 stalks processes the function and complications to process,count to control compound tool machine and enters functions, such as the net correspondence,high and dependable and safety...etc..For the sake of increment operation and usage the maneuverability of the system and can transplant sex, the controller open to have already become current.The numeral manufacturing requests to count to control the system establishment to be at an all new information technique foundation structure on, make use of a network to deliver to process the manufacturing information easily, carry on the CAD/CAM and the CNC integral whole to turn of process a manufacturing.This appeared STEP-NC a new number to control system.
一:本文概述了数控机床控制器的发展趋势。随着信息技术(1T)和制造技术(MT)的发展,出现了更多功能、更高性能的控制器,诸如多坐标、多系统(通道)的控制;具有高精、高速、5轴加工功能和复杂加工、数控复合机床、进网通信、高可靠性和安全性等功能。为了增加操作和使用系统的可操作性和可移植性,控制器开放已经成为潮流。数字制造要求数控系统建立在一个全新的信息技术基础结构之上,容易利用网络传递加工制造信息,进行CAD/CAM与CNC一体化的加工制造。这就出现了STEP—NC新型的数控系统。
Number's controling tool machine is a modern to process the car the most important material.Its development is the information technique(1 T) with make a technique(MT) to combine a development of result.Recent 20 in the last yearses, the information technical nasty play development stirs up and increases a manufacturing the upper level intelligence function of the system consumedly;Next 20 years, the intelligence will extend to the car of the factory first floor, the controller will have more a high performance with more multi-function;Because controller of gentle, the single pedestal tool machine will become more vivid with the choiceness;Can carry on correspondence broadly;Carry on an integration expediently with the heavy;arry on diagraph to the process, indicate a result, examine a patient breakdown, avoid trouble;The mode that combines according to science carries on process, attaining the best production efficiency.The underneath is some the latest development circumstance is concerning the controller.
数控机床是现代加工车间最重要的装备。它的发展是信息技术(1T)与制造技术(MT)结合发展的结果。最近20年来,信息技术的急剧发展大大激发和增加了制造系统的上层智能功能;下一个20年,智能将延伸到工厂的车间底层,控制器将具有更高性能和更多功能;由于控制器的柔性,单台机床将变得更加灵活和精巧;可以广泛地进行通信;方便地进行集成和重构;对过程进行测量,预示结果,诊断故障,避免事故;并按照科学的模式进行加工,达到最佳的生产效率。下面是一些关于控制器最新的发展情况。
1. CNC controller raise,have further more multi-function
1. CNC控制器的性能进一步提高、具有更多功能
1) sit mark more,many system control
1)多坐标、多系统控制
For example the FANUC latest upscale controller 11 S30 is-MODELs A system, the biggest control system counts to 10 systems(passage), the most stalk the number installs to count to 40 stalks with the biggest principal axis, entering 32 stalks among them to the stalk, the principal axis is 8 stalks, biggest control stalk to count to 24 stalks/systems in the meantime.The biggest PMC system is 3 systems.The biggest I/O point is 4096:00/4096:00, the PMC is basic to orderany speed for the 25 nses.Biggest can prepare to read a procedure segment:1000.This is the current world to install the tallest number to control system.In order to having many stalks many systemses to install, so suit large and automatic tool machine specially, compound tool machine, several tool machines wait of demand.
比如FANUC最新的高档控制器11S30i—MODEL A系统,最大控制系统数为10个系统(通道),最多轴数和最大主轴配置数为40轴,其中进给轴32轴,主轴为8轴,最大同时控制轴数为24轴/系统。最大PMC系统为3个系统。最大I/O点数为4096点/4096点,PMC基本命令速度为25ns。最大可预读程序段:1000段。这是当前世界配置最高的数控系统。由于具有多轴多系统配置,因此特别适合大型自动机床,复合机床,多头机床等的需要。
2) high ,high speeds process function
2)高精、高速加工功能