双车道公路上驾驶员超车行为的安全性评估

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双车道公路上驾驶员超车行为的安全性评估(中文4000字,英文3500字)
摘要
安全驾驶行为的研究对减少交通意外具有伟大的意义。这项研究的主要目的是探讨司机超车行为和交通安全的关系。十二个不同能力的司机被选定为驾驶模拟系统实验平台。成立一个双车道的高速公路上超车的模拟场景。在虚拟场景以不同的速度进行超越。
的结果,进行了分析和评价的多元线性N归方法。结果显示司机的安全与三个运动参数有一个密切的关系。最后,研究提出了一种线性模型的司机超车行为在双车道高速公路的安全评估。该模型可以帮助识別司机的安全和不安全意识来减少交通事故的数量。

Safety Assessment of Driver Overtaking Behavior on Two-Lane Highways
ABSTRACT
Safety study of driving behaviors to reduce traffic accidents is of great significance. Theprimaryobjectives of the study were to investigate the relation between driver overtakingbehaviors and traffic safety. Twelve drivers of different proficiency were selected for anexperiment on a driving simulation system platform. A simulation scene of overtaking on atwo-lane highway was set up. The subjects overtook in the virtual scenarios at differentspeeds. A total of twelve parameters - including speed, acceleration, time of overtakingprocess, the changes of distance and other parameters - were extracted during the experiments.These data together with the results of a DBQ (Driving Behavior Questionnaire) wereanalyzed and evaluated by the multiple linear regression method. The results showed thatthree motion parameters had a strong correlation with drivers1 safety. Finally, the studypresents a linear model of safety assessment of driver overtaking behavior on two-lanehighways. The model may help t