奇瑞轿车1.8L手动5+1档变速箱设计(含CAD零件图装配图)

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奇瑞轿车1.8L手动5+1档变速箱设计(含CAD零件图装配图)(设计说明书17000字,CAD图纸4张)
摘 要
本设计的任务是设计一台用于轿车上的FR式的手动变速器。本设计采用中间轴式变速器,该变速器具有两个突出的优点:一是其直接档的传动效率高,磨损及噪声也最小;二是在齿轮中心距较小的情况下仍然可以获得较大的一档传动比。                 
根据轿车的外形、轮距、轴距、最小离地间隙、最小转弯半径、车辆重量、满载重量以及最高车速等参数结合自己选择的适合于该轿车的发动机型号可以得出发动机的最大功率、最大扭矩、排量等重要的参数。再结合某些轿车的基本参数,选择适当的主减速比。根据上述参数,再结合汽车设计、汽车理论、机械设计等相关知识,计算出相关的变速器参数并论证设计的合理性。
它功用是:①改变传动比,扩大驱动轮转矩和转速的变化范围,以适应经常变化的行驶条件,如起步、加速、上坡等,同时使发动机在有利的工况下工作;②在发动机旋转方向不变的前提下,使汽车能倒退行驶;③利用空档,中断动力传递,以使发动机能够起动、怠速,并便于发动机换档或进行动力输出。这台变速器具有五个前进档(包括一个超速档五档)和一个倒档,并通过锁环式同步器来实现换档。
关键词:变速器,锁环式同步器,传动比,中间轴,第二轴,齿轮

THE DESIGN OF SALOON GEARBOX
ABSTRACT
The duty of this design is to design a FR type manual transmission used in the saloon,It’s the countershaft-type transmission gearbox.This transmission has two prominent merits: Firstly,the transmission efficiency of the direct drive keeps off high, the attrition and the noise are also slightest;Secondly ,it’s allowed to obtain in the biger gear ratio of the first gear when the center distance is smaller.
According to the contour,track,wheel base,the smallest ground clearance,the smallest turning radium,the vehicles weight, the all-up weight as well as the highest speed and so on, union the choosing engine model we can obtain the important parameters of the max power,the max torque, the displacement and so on. According to the basic parameters of the certain saloon,choose the suitable final drive ratio.According to the above parameters,combining the knowledge of automobile design, automobile theory, machine design and so on, calculate the correlated parameters of the gearbox and proof the rationality of the design.
Its function is:①Changing gear ratio,expanding the torque of the driving wheel and the range of the rotational speed,to adapt the travel condition which frequently changes, like start, acceleration, climbing and so on, simultaneously causes the engine to work under the advantageous operating mode;②Under the premise of the invariable rotation, enables the automobile to travel back;③Using neutral, severances the power transmission, to make the engine start, idle, and is advantageous for the engine to shift gears or to carry on the dynamic output. This gearbox has five (including over drive—fifth gear) and a reverse gear, and through the inertial type of synchronizer to realize shift gears.
KEY WORDS:transmission, inertial type of synchronizer,gear ratio, countershaft,second axis, gear

本设计是根据东方之子1.8L手动豪华车型而开展的,设计中所采用的相关参数均来源于此种车型:
主减速比:4.782
最高时速:190km/h
轮胎型号:205/65R15
发动机型号:SQR481FC
最大扭矩:170Nm/4500
最大功率:95kw/5750
最高转速:6000r/min    
 

奇瑞轿车1.8L手动5+1档变速箱设计(含CAD零件图装配图)
奇瑞轿车1.8L手动5+1档变速箱设计(含CAD零件图装配图)
奇瑞轿车1.8L手动5+1档变速箱设计(含CAD零件图装配图)
奇瑞轿车1.8L手动5+1档变速箱设计(含CAD零件图装配图)


目  录
符号说明................................................... 1
前言....................................................... 3
第一章     机械式变速器的概述及其方案的确定................. 6
§1.1 变速器的功用和要求............................... 6
§1.2 变速器结构方案的确定............................. 6
§1.3 变速器主要零件结构的方案分析.................... 12
第二章     变速器主要参数的选择与主要零件的设计............ 15
§2.1 变速器主要参数的选择............................ 15
§2.2 各档传动比及其齿轮齿数的确定.................... 19
§2.3 齿轮变位系数的选择.............................. 21
第三章     变速器齿轮的强度计算与材料的选择................ 22
§3.1 齿轮的损坏原因及形式............................ 22
§3.2 齿轮强度计算与校核.............................. 22
第四章     变速器轴的强度计算与校核........................ 25
§4.1 变速器轴的结构和尺寸............................ 25
§4.2 轴的校核........................................ 27
第五章     变速器同步器的设计.............................. 30
第六章     变速器的操纵机构................................ 33
结论......................................................34
参考文献..................................................35
致谢......................................................36